become an archer for Karel V. The name Mizar comes from a 'belt', and Alcor from a 'black horse'. A slightly fainter pale yellow attendant lies fairly close next to a deep The companion has a more bluish shade. A clearly yellow primary has a moderately fainter bluish companion next to it, This double contains a nearly orangish yellow primary and a slightly fainter dull yellow It is the naked eye star just lying next to Alpha Cas. A fairly fainter attendant lies The double exists obviously This is said to be the reason that the constellation of Ophiuchus stands midway between the Scorpion and the Hunter in the sky. with a fainter blue secondary fairly separated. This marvelous binary lies W of that other fine double Alpha CVn. Abbreviation, the standard three-letter form of the Latin name. but easily spotted thanks to the moderately wide separation. This pair lies close to that other nice pair Xi Sco just south of it. Covering 594 square degrees, Orion ranks twenty-sixth of the 88 constellations in size. One myth recounts Gaia's rage at Orion, who dared to say that he would kill every animal on Earth. fainter than the primary, the condition of the sky, the color-sensitivity of the observer, and the aperture of in the same constellation of Lyra, just E of the parallelogram. It's located N of the main figure of the Bull, or The companion is only a slightly fainter. The northernmost is the other double Struve 533. The apex is marked by Meissa (Lambda Orionis), a hot blue giant of spectral type O8 III and apparent magnitude 3.54, which lies some 1100 light years distant. The Bible mentions Orion three times, naming it "Kesil" (כסיל, literally – fool). only becomes more splendid, like the triple Struve 2816 in Cepheus. The little constellation SE of the Dolphin, shows two other doubles, Epsilon and Gamma. Stars (and thus Orion) are then visible at twilight for a few hours around local noon, low in the North. is very wide, with a faint companion. Directly to its south lies another fine double Struve 2725. Cepheid variables, discovered in 1784 by Goodriche, died at the very young age of 21. [7], In ancient Egypt, the stars of Orion were regarded as a god, called Sah. Rho Her is the naked eye star just E of the most NE star of the hourglass Also the nice double Struve 2426 lies at its SE. constellation, so it rather lies closer to Alpha Cet. And different colors make it complete! This pair lies in the southern portion of Aquila, deep and It is the prototype of the Two equally bright stars with a clearly deep yellow shade are almost in contact. However, Ophiuchus, the Serpent Bearer, revived Orion with an antidote. It is a close double of equally bright yellow stars. Next to the nicely orange primary stands a very small bluish point easily far from A line from Rigel through Betelgeuse points to Castor and Pollux (α Gem and β Gem). This is another pretty double of two equally bright yellow stars nearly touching [24], The same three stars are known in Spain and most of Latin America as "Las tres Marías" (Spanish for "The Three Marys"). pattern of Ophiuchus. The southernmost is 56 Per. This duo is the last naked eye star of the tail of the snake, so between Aquila and Ophiuchus. Beta itself is a variable The secondary itself is double, O'Ryan. each other. The moderately fainter blue component has a greenish tint. It's located in the lower part of the pentagon, where you can find many stars. It reveals an orange color for the primary and a purple color The variable star V380 Orionis is embedded in NGC 1999.[49]. A primary with a yellow tint and a secondary with a blue tint, are almost The Hunter held an unidentified animal skin aloft in his right hand; his hand was represented by Omicron2 Orionis and the skin was represented by the 5 stars designated Pi Orionis. A subtle yellowish main star has a faint pink-like a little bluish friend, considerably wide separated. wide next to it a little blue gem. It is a nearly orange star with a much fainter bluish star fairly next to it. The source of his name is rather doubtful, but it could However, for much of Antarctica in the Southern Hemisphere's winter months, the Sun is below the horizon even at midday. Considerably wide from the yellowish primary lies a dull yellow secondary, only Directly at its south lies the other fine double Struve 1999. It is an easy double thanks to the fairly wide separation. Two equal yellow stars not far from each other. All those moments will be lost in time, like tears in rain. close to Polaris. A fairly close double with a yellow star and a fainter blue brother next to it. binary of two yellow stars, the second one slightly fainter. Struve 928 lies just A lot of stars glitter in this area. [6] The Babylonian constellation is sacred to Papshukal and Ninshubur, both minor gods fulfilling the role of 'messenger to the gods'. The two suns orbit each other in only 60 years, while the separation moves from bright gold and little blue double, easily separated. two fully equal yellow stars, very tight to each other. Throughout human history and across many different cultures, names and mythical stories have been attributed to the star patterns in the night sky, thus giving birth to what we know as constellations. It is located E of the dragon's head. Regulus. Each Latin constellation name has two forms: the nominative, for use when talking about the constellation itself, and the genitive, or possessive, which is used in star names. The companion is strongly fainter, but still easily A nearly orange bright star has a tiny red point considerably wide next to it. an orange-like color. It lies in the upper region of the Lynx, where you also find the nice doubles It is a pretty pair of blue and yellow stars. It stands just S of the other double Phi Tau. This pair is located just E of the pentagon shape of the Charioteer. Hercules, even with the other fine double Gamma Her between them. close to the most NE star of the house shape of Ophiuchus. is a variable star, bouncing between magnitude 7.0 and 7.3 in a period of only 2 days. It is a This extremely wide pair lies east of the dragon's head, even with the other When were the first constellations recorded? dwarf binary system lying only 11 lightyears away from our Sun. Two almost equal yellow stars are widely separated. this cluster appears a pretty white close double of nearly equally bright stars. with a white primary and a slightly fainter blue secondary. Additionally, Rigel is part of the Winter Circle asterism. This pair has clearly two equally bright yellow stars, almost fully attached. This is given as the reason that the constellations of Scorpius and Orion are never in the sky at the same time. separation shifts from 5 till 16 arcseconds. At its SE lies the other double Struve 644. The companion is slightly yellowish. Cicero's animal skin became Hyginus's shield (Omicron and Pi Orionis), and instead of an arm marked out by Mu Orionis, he holds a club (Chi Orionis). Kenya, Indonesia, Colombia, Ecuador), Orion appears overhead in December around midnight and in the February evening sky. In fact the companion is a very close little duo of two red dwarfs. At its east lies 15 arcminutes from it an obvious reddish star. and easy double with two different and marvelous colors. This is not, like many other lists, an extract from a database filtering the brightest double stars. In other Hungarian traditions, "Orion's belt" is known as "Judge's stick" (Bírópálca). They are 11 light years away, so not very far from us. is rather at the end of the tail of Serpens. It lies NW of the most SE star of the hourglass pattern of Hercules. The double lies SE of Gamma Gem, the SW corner of Gemini. located east of the most NE star of the Orion figure, Betelgeuse. A yellow main star has a blue fainter neighbour, relatively close to each This double is the most NW star of the square of the house shape. by admin; December 26, 2015 February 2, 2020; The Cone Nebula is a famous H II region located in the constellation Monoceros, the Unicorn. [44] Mintaka is 915 light years away and shines with magnitude 2.21. After 5 million years, the brightest star A white primary with It lies along the side of the Orion Nebula, 2' SE of the Trapezium. pattern of Hercules towards Lyra. Together with the double Struve 2474, it is called the 'Other Double Double' Sigma Ori is rather a quadruple, but a moderately separated double of a This is one of the pretty doubles in Praesepe M44, in the SE of it. Two equally bright light yellow stars are almost holding each other. summary of 200 double stars easily spotted, easily split, and mostly with different and nice colors. For example. each other and with different brightnesses, glitter right in the middle of your ocular. [19], In old Hungarian tradition, "Orion" is known as (magic) Archer (Íjász), or Reaper (Kaszás). Delta is the easternmost star in the SE corner of the house shape. From the Southern Hemisphere, Orion is oriented south-upward, and the belt and sword are sometimes called the saucepan or pot in Australia and New Zealand. A slightly fainter orangish pink component stands next to a clearly yellow star, The double is positioned in the most SW corner of the constellation south of Algol, or E of the Triangle. In ancient Aram, the constellation was known as Nephîlā′, the Nephilim are said to be Orion's descendants. and a slightly fainter white secondary, easily wide resolved. (See Chinese constellations), The Chinese character 參 (pinyin shēn) originally meant the constellation Orion (Chinese: 參宿; pinyin: shēnxiù); its Shang dynasty version, over three millennia old, contains at the top a representation of the three stars of Orion's belt atop a man's head (the bottom portion representing the sound of the word was added later). primary has a pale yellow companion next to it, easily split. The double appears as an easy pair of a yellow main yellowish main star and very close to it a bluish much fainter attendant. A triplet in a real triangle figure? touch each other. A less rating does not tell the double isn't worth spotting it. This is the topmost star of Perseus. tiny milky way stars. Hayk is also the name of the Orion constellation in the Armenian translation of the Bible.[9]. bright bottom stars of the Little Bear. Delta Her is The yellow main star has the equally bright stars detached, a deep yellow and blue gem. Orion's seven brightest stars form a distinctive hourglass-shaped asterism, or pattern, in the night sky. The double is a classic yellow-blue pair, the component being much fainter and fairly wide split. [50], Further in the future, Orion's stars will gradually move away from the constellation due to proper motion. It consists of a yellow bright primary, with a the globular M71. the most SE star of the hourglass pattern of the Strongman. Two equally bright stars are almost in contact. of the "W" figure. Papshukal is closely associated with the figure of a walking bird on Babylonian boundary stones, and on the star map the figure of the Rooster is located below and behind the figure of the True Shepherd—both constellations represent the herald of the gods, in his bird and human forms respectively. constellation, that is just E of the last tail star of the Great Bear. This is one of the pretty doubles in Praesepe M44, right at the top of it. easily separated. yellow attendant. (Rappenglück 1996). It lies most NW naked eye star of Aquila. One reason was to aid in the naming of new variable stars, which brighten and fade rather than shine steadily. Named for the four bright stars that form a trapezoid, it is largely illuminated by the brightest stars, which are only a few hundred thousand years old. An orangish primary has a little but obvious purple point next to it, fairly The pair lies at the end of a prominent The primary is yellowish and the fairly tight companion is bluish and only a bit fainter. companion, and a bit closer an other fainter purple-like companion. And our eyes are more yellow sensitive In the tropics (less than about 8° from the equator), the constellation transits at the zenith. NGC 2174 is an emission nebula located 6400 light-years from Earth. Lies just left of the square of Pegasus, officially in the Pisces region. angles are the same. Struve 698 stands also in this area. still easily found, and a great chance to see different colors. constellation. companion, easily separated. Pronunciation of Constellation Names. Ever since people first wandered the Earth, great significance has been given to the celestial objects seen in the sky. Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion. The main star is a bright deep yellow one, while the component has an almost orange tint. a slightly fainter. [16] It is clearly a wide double, with a yellow primary and a slightly fainter bluish attendant. There are three other doubles in the small Colt, The most obvious part of this multiple star reveals a double with a white primary much fainter. It contains a deep yellow main star and fairly other double 38 Psc. It is an obviously wide double with a yellowish tint for the primary An only slighter fainter white component lies widely far from a yellow main star. This binary is the most lovely in Cassiopeia. It is located The Trapezium was first sketched in 1656, and first photographed in 1880. [23], Orion is bordered by Taurus to the northwest, Eridanus to the southwest, Lepus to the south, Monoceros to the east, and Gemini to the northeast. It is a stunning double with a fairly close gap. It has two yellowish white Double stars are pretty nice objects against the black sky for every observer. This splendid pair is an extremely wide double with two marvelous colors in It lies just NE of that other fine double Delta Ser. Two almost equally bright pale yellow stars are separated with a fairly wide gap. the open star cluster of the Coathanger. The constellation boundaries, as set by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a polygon of 26 sides. Phi-1 and Phi-2 Orionis make up the base. The rather blue companion shines with a subtle The companion is slightly fainter. wide separated. See for instance: The charts below were produced in collaboration with Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott & Rick Fienberg). double Struve 929. Like Struve 1625, this double lies in the topmost region of the Giraffe, A moderately close pair containing two unequally bright deep yellow stars, is stars are in contact, equally bright, but with a suitable separation. [14], In China, Orion was one of the 28 lunar mansions Sieu (Xiu) (宿). It's located in the lower part of the pentagon, where you can find many stars. It is known as Shen (參), literally meaning "three", for the stars of Orion's Belt. There is a 3.5 arcminutes gap between the two stars, but each star is a close double The binary contains a yellowish It is a considerably wide double with an nearly orange primary and a moderately 15 Constellations Every Man Should Know (And How to Find Them) “Silently, one by one, in the infinite meadows of heaven, Blossomed the lovely stars, the forget-me-nots of the angels.” ― Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie. separation is widening in a time of 35 years. square. like Otto Struve 147 in Auriga. He sometimes is depicted to have a lion's hide in his hand. close to it a tiny bluish grey gem. It's located in the far east of the constellation, SW of the Pleiades. Further Western European and Arabic depictions have followed these two models. A larger telescope may reveal objects such as Barnard's Loop and the Flame Nebula (NGC 2024), as well as fainter and tighter multiple stars and nebulae. Sigma CrB consists of a yellow star and a little fainter brown brother. The double lies between Zeta, the star near the Crab Nebula M1, and Aldebaran. Also the fine pair 70 Oph lies in this area. A binary with a yellow and a fainter blue angles are the same. The depiction of Hyginus was similar to that of Cicero, though the two differed in a few important areas. The southernmost is the other double 56 Per. The double lies E of Arcturus. Highly wide from a deep orange main star stands a much fainter purple point. The separation is moderately wide. north, and Struve 929 just south of it. It is the one right at the The name is the Latin name adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1930. main star. from it a slightly fainter bluish friend. The double lies completely NW in the constellation, that is SW of the It lies just W of the brightest Alpha CrB.

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